The open plan with a changing level concept is chosen in order to maximize the visual space in the gallery, meaning maximize the use of the space inside the gallery, which considerably narrow compare to other two sites. The changing level is achieved by putting the few steps differentiating gallery spaces. The changing level concept may give the visual attractiveness to the visitors inside gallery. It may also allow people to look back, knowing what happen inside the gallery next to it. It gives the sense of vertical movement through the steps which are applied between exhibition spaces, giving more visual experiences enjoying the art work
There are mainly three galleries that are not divided by wall, but by the changes of their level. The sculpture gallery welcomes the guesses entering the building, followed by other two painting gallery spaces.
The design of the building divide the public and service access into two part. Public in the front, services in the back, separated by court yard which situated in the middle of the building. The court yard works as the place for gallery outdoor events. The services, like workshop and storage is situated in the back for easy storing access.
The elevated angled rood facing north and east is used for the natural sunlight access for the gallery. Double glazing skylight is used to control the light entering the gallery, creating an even diffused light that is very essential aspect for two painting gallery. An even light is essential as it supports the visitors vision enjoying the paintings. The sculpture gallery has the main natural light source mainly from the transparent facade, making maximum use of daylight from south facing facade.
The facade is transparent and having a square frame to allow pedestrian look inside the gallery space, hoping the pedestrians will be attracted by the view and get into the gallery space.
The changing level concept is fully applied in the design, in which the changing level concept works to separate the gallery space as well as give the extra attractiveness factor to the visitor as it gives the sense of vertical movement in the building. The movement gives the more attractive way to present and enjoy the work of art. The design require very minimum amount of load bearing wall to maximize the available space as well to maximize the visual of the visitors, because their eyes will be less distracted as the load bearing wall is not used in the gallery space.
Considering the high noise level in Newtown suburb especially in the king street, I come out with idea of separating people from the noise. The design is having people move to first floor to enter the main gallery space. The ground floor is mainly used for office, receptionist, workshop, as well as storage of gallery. I think moving people apart from ground level may create the sense of entering another environment separating people from the King street's noise and crowd. The court is used mainly for sculpture garden, situated in the ground level, so that the visitors has to move down from the main painting gallery space to courtyard. This may create the sense of movement that give opportunity to increase the visual attractiveness within the gallery. The reception desk is put in the ground floor acts as a welcoming tool for people entering the building and also to avoid confusion people about the building. The main gallery will display contemporary painting, and the courtyard will display the contemporary modern sculpture work.
The selected site is located in Newtown, an urban suburb in the Inner West of Sydney. It well known for its graffiti and street art culture. Newtown presents the great diversity of profession, ranging from students, artist and professionals workers. These create a really and lively urban atmosphere in Newtown.
The pedestrian access and main road access is concentrated around King Street Venues. Looking at this condition, there is really great opportunity to catch the dense pedestrian flow around the site1.The major concern of site1 is its depth, which is particularly long and narrow site, so, the treatment for its interior as well as the two story facade, facing King stress and the rear residential lane may be designed in appropriate manner of gallery design.The other thing to consider is the rear car park space which is regularly used.
Narrative : "Rooms for a scholar who is on his journey of understanding the phenomena of universe"
Inspire by the painting of the Astronomer(1668) by Jan Vermeer, I come out with the idea of rooms with multilayer walls, creating corridor to give the sense of long journey before actually get into the room. The visitor has to enter layers of wall before arrive to the main room. Refer to the narrative, this corridors represent the difficulties and journey of learning and finding the answer of the phenomena of universe.
The two rooms has different function, firstly room in the ground floor is considerably darker than the one in the first floor, because it is a room for research in which the scholar work with books in this room, so that the room with minimum distraction is needed. I come out with the design of room with minimum natural light source, in order to create a total silence and less light distraction to support the activity. The minimum light and silence is represent the sense of solitude in this room.
The room in the first floor is quite different with the one below, in which the really big glazing is put in the top of its ceiling to support the sky watching activity at night. The room with extra light represent the quality of enlightenment.
The shape of the building actually represent the chaotic of galaxy. The most suitable site for the building is flat plateau, where there is no one around, so that the building achieve its function supporting the activity of a astronomer(research at day time and sky watching activity at night time)